Residential uses for steel
Using steel in housing and residential buildings is common, primarily because it is light weight and practical. These characteristics minimize the loads on the foundations, which saves money when it comes to sub-structure costs. The use of steel in the building market is mainly in multi-storey residential buildings, and usually in buildings of mixed use. These are buildings such as car parks and residential and office uses. The compatibility of floor grids between these is a key factor in the design solution, and is more easily achieved using steel in the construction. They have also gained popularity for student residences and hotel buildings.
Various steel building technologies can be used in this sector, such as structural steel frames, infill walling, floor decking, lightweight façade, roofing and modular systems.
For housing and residential construction, steel is one of the most effective solutions, since these constructions are required to be energy efficient, fast-constructing and high quality. The construction process is improved thanks to the use of steel, plus it is faster and disturbance reduces because of the use of off-site manufactured steel components. Plus, the light weight allows the building process to be faster. Various steel-based technologies are used in this sector, such as light steel framing, structural steel frames to support either composite floor slabs or precast concrete units or infill and separating walls. There are several benefits to using steel in residential and housing projects.
Speed of construction. All steel construction uses pre-fabricated components that can be rapidly installed in the building. Shorter construction periods can lead to saving money because it saves time and man hours. Plus, its use minimizes the disturbance in the properties next to the construction.
Flexibility and adaptability. Steel-framed systems that use infill and separating walls are flexible because of their location, and can be changed in the future to meet new demands, even change of use. Modular systems can also be dismantled and moved, maintaining the building´s asset value.
Light weight. Steel structures weigh less than half of an equivalent concrete structure, and modular systems even less so, adding to a quarter of a concrete structure. This saves in foundation costs, man hours and on the supporting podium costs.
Quality and safety. Since it is built off-site, it is controlled by the factories that manufacturer it, and it reduces dependency on things such as the weather or site trades. Off-site prefabricated material is much safer than on-site fabrication, besides reducing site activity by up to 75%.
Fire resistance. Steel construction in non-combustible, which adds to fire safety during construction and with the finished product.
Environmental benefits. Steel structure is 100% recyclable, repeatedly and with no degradation. Plus, the speed of construction and reduced disruption adds to the benefit of the local environment.
Steel construction can be used in various ways, from the simplest, such as a single family house, to a big mixed-space building. It can also be used in student housing, large parking spaces and buildings for public use. They add to the safety, efficiency and even the design of your building project.